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Overview

Both men and women have different needs which can alter though different stages of a persons life. This is referred to as sexual health defining the state of emotional, mental, social, and physical well-being with respect to one’s sexuality.

 

Conditions

Sexually related issues can occur in adults of all ages. However, due to a decline in health associated with aging, seniors are more common to experience sexually related issues. Both, men and women are vulnerable to sexual problems. Due to physiology, anatomy and genetics both sexes are subjected to distinctively different conditions.

  • Menopause (Women) – Marks the end of menstrual cycle, and is defined as occurring 12 months after one’s last menstrual period.
  • Erectile Dysfunction (Men) – The inability to get and keep an erection.
  • Infertility & Sterility (Men & Women) – Inability to conceive. 
  • Hypogonadism (Men & Women) - Reduction or absence of hormone secretion or other physiological activity of the gonads (testes or ovaries).

 

Causes

Alike, men and women’s sexual function and health is complex. The factors that contribute to men’s and women’s sexual health are many and often times interrelated. These factors range from physical changes of aging to physical, cultural, and social health.

  • Age
  • Genetic abnormalities 
  • Gender – Male/Female predispositions
  • Psychological
  • Social
  • Pituitary gland dysfunction
  • Medications

 

Signs and Symptoms

Each sexual health condition is characterized by a unique set of signs and symptoms. Symptoms vary widely because of the many physiological differences among individuals.

  • Menopause (Women) ­– Associated with women in their late 40’s early 50’s. Hot flushes, night sweats, pain during intercourse, increased anxiety or irritability, and the need to urinate more often.
  • Erectile Dysfunction (Men) – Erections that are either too soft or too brief for sexual intercourse.
  • Infertility & Sterility (Men & Women) – Failure to achieve pregnancy after 12 months or more of regular unprotected sexual intercourse.
  • Hypogonadism (Men & Women) – Infertility, sterility,erectile dysfunction, decrease muscle mass, decrease bone density, and decrease sex drive.

 

Treatment

There are many treatment options available for patients with sexual health conditions depending on the individual’s condition.

  • Menopause (Women) ­– Hormone replacement therapy (HRT), treatment with estrogen and progesterone.
  • Erectile Dysfunction (Men) –Treatment depends on one’s overall health and the underlying cause of the problem. A phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor is the most common prescribed medication. (Cialis, Viagra, Levitra, etc.)
  • Infertility & Sterility (Men & Women) – Treatments for fertility problems depend on what may be the cause keeping one from conception. Each treatment is condition specific. Condition may range from unviable sperm in men to ovulation problems in women. 
  • Hypogonadism (Men & Women) - Treatment for hypogonadism depends on the cause and whether fertility is an objective. Hormone replacement therapy (HRT) with testosterone or estrogen is generally indicated.
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